When setting up a business, one of the criteria to be analyzed is the versatility of the product to be sold. Within this premise, one of the most profitable ideas today is coconut oil production business. The product has several uses and, therefore, has great sales potential.
Coconut oil can be used in its natural version or added to foods, juices, salads and drinks. The product is highly sought after by those who want to lose weight.
Coconut oil has become one of the ingredients that cannot be lacking at home, there have been several recipes that can be made with it and thus, this food remained on the purchase list of several consumers.
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In addition to food use, coconut oil can also be used in the cosmetics segment. Its essence is widely used to hydrate hair or skin.
But what does the entrepreneur need to do to start a coconut oil production business ? Discover now everything you need to create a competitive industry.
coconut oil extraction
Coconut oil is obtained from pressing the pulp of the mature coconut. The issue of extracting coconut oil is at the root of the business and should be done using modern techniques that facilitate the coconut oil production business and supply the goods safely and quickly.
First, the coconut must be ripe and harvested and this takes some time. Once ripe, the coconut is used dry and the chestnut is removed from it and divided. Then, this chestnut should be grated and beat in a blender with a hot water. If the dark film gets in the way, it can be removed before this process.
Grated, the dough must be squeezed in a cloth so that the milk is extracted in a exuberant way and the possibility of adding more water depends on the professional’s experience and his state.
The milk must be left in a safe place overnight, so that there is separation of the whey, leaving the mass on the surface well delimited. The serum will be discarded or reused for the manufacture of another component.
From the white dough, just place it in a pan and bring it to a low heat to separate the oil. This process consists of the frying and this oil must be subsequently stored in a glass, preferably in a dark color.
Types of coconut oil
Coconut oil is obtained from pressing the pulp of the mature coconut and can be basically two types: pure i.e (extracted from fresh coconut) or refined (processed from dry coconut).
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Pure oil may also be labeled as virgin, extra-virgin or organic. Read on to better understand what these categories consist of.
1.) Pure or natural coconut oil – coconut oil is said to be pure or natural when extracted from fresh coconut, even if a quick drying process is used so that the oil can be extracted mechanically.
As this process is fast and executed in a controlled environment, the resulting oil is free of contaminants and therefore does not need to be bleached and deodorized like the oil obtained from the coconut that is left to dry naturally in the open air.
2.) Refined coconut oil – If the words “pure, natural, virgin or extra-virgin” are not written on the label, then the oil in question is refined. This means that it was obtained from the slurry left to dey under ambient conditions, which – due to the presence of contaminants -needed to undergo a process of refining, bleaching and deodorization.
The problem is that, when refined, the oil loses much of it’s natural properties that are extremely beneficial to health ( in addition to the characteristic taste and odor of coconut), and can – depending on the refining process used -start to have chemical components in its composition.
How to make coconut oil
The traditional coconut oil extraction method for thousands of years is relatively simple.
You’re to simply put the coconut meat into a crumb and boil it in the water. The oil will then separate out and float on the water, then skim the oil out.
Another notable method is to squeeze coconut milk from coconut meat chips, then make it naturally ferment for 24 to 36 hours, so that the oil is separated from the water and then the oil is taken out and heated for short periods of time to remove the moisture.
This medium – temperature heating does no harm to coconut oil.
In addition, there are various methods for coconut oil extraction. These varying methods of coconut oil processing have different appearance, quality, taste and flavor viz;
1.) Wet processing
The wet processing method of how to make coconut oil entails the use of fresh coconut meat as the raw material.
To do this, shell the ripe coconut and separate the coconut meat. Then, peel off the out coat and extract coat oil from it as a by-product.
The Coconut meat would be ground by the wedge and toothed crusher and roller mill. Then, coconut milk would be extracted from crushed powder and filtered through the sieve mesh conveyor, then separate out the oil layer by centrifugal separation, and the moisture in the oil is reduced to 0.1%-0.2% by air heating.
Generally speaking, you can extract 6.8t “natural” coconut oil from 25t fresh coconut meat. Grind the coat residues from coconut oil extraction machine to powder to recover the oil and make coconut powder.
In addition to the product oil, other edible by-products from coconut oil production business are coconut powder, protein, carbohydrates and vitamins.
2.) Dry processing:
In the dry processing method of how to make coconut oil, the Copra is utilized as raw materials and extracted from crusher or screw coconut oil machine. In addition, solvent is used for secondary extraction as a supplement of coconut oil processing to obtain the residual oil in the meal.
For there to be an efficient operation of coconut oil, machine needs cooking and conditioning to control the temperature of coconut flakes between 91 ~ 93°C. The oil extraction rate of coconut flakes is lower under the condition of 91°C below and moisture content of more than 4%. When the temperature is above 93°C and water content is less than 3%, dark coconut oil and coke cake would be extracted from coconut flakes and the oil extraction rate is lower.
It is recommended that the fine particles that are filtered out and precipitated should not exceed 10% of the fresh raw material so as to avoid the formation of fine grain in cooking and conditioning stage.
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Now, the coconut oil from coconut oil machine is conveyed to the screen and the oil clarifying tank to separate particles and the latter would be mixed with raw materials for reprocessing. Every tons of the upper oil would be mixed with 10kg of clay and edible oil can be obtained through the security filter machine.
3.) Solvent extraction
This particular unit is utilized as a supplement to the mechanical pressing method. Following the quick extraction of coconut cake, the residual oil content is controlled at 14%-18%, and the residual oil in the cake is reduced to a minimum after solvent extraction.
The refinement method of coconut oil production business entails a series of steps to remove the impurity from glycerin and make the end product edible and as well extend its shelf life. Impurities here consists of fatty acids, phospholipids, metal ions, pigments, oxides, solid particles and unpleasant volatile gases.
It is noteworthy that the refined coconut oil is mostly made from copra and it is mainly utilized in the food industry. This is so because its colorless and tasteless,
That’s it on how to start coconut oil production business, We wish you the very best as you get to work.